NYC’s Overdose Prevention Facilities Show Efficient


A new study revealed this month has discovered that New York Metropolis’s historic protected consumption facilities have helped cut back overdoses.

The examine, carried out by researchers affiliated with the NYC Division of Well being (which oversees the websites), lined the 2 months of this system throughout two completely different consumption websites.

Final November, then-New York Mayor Invoice de Blasio announced “that the primary publicly acknowledged Overdose Prevention Middle (OPC) providers within the nation have commenced in New York Metropolis.”

OPCs, the town defined within the announcement, “are protected locations the place individuals who use medicine can obtain medical care and be linked to remedy and social providers.”

NYC officers touted their effectiveness, saying within the press launch on the time that such providers are “confirmed to stop overdose deaths, and are in use in jurisdictions world wide,” and that there “has by no means been an overdose demise in any OPC.”

A examine from the town’s Division of Well being discovered that “OPCs in New York Metropolis would save as much as 130 lives a 12 months.”

“New York Metropolis has led the nation’s battle towards COVID-19, and the combat to maintain our neighborhood protected doesn’t cease there. After exhaustive examine, we all know the proper path ahead to guard essentially the most weak folks in our metropolis. And we is not going to hesitate to take it,” de Blasio said within the announcement. “Overdose Prevention Facilities are a protected and efficient option to deal with the opioid disaster. I’m proud to point out cities on this nation that after many years of failure, a wiser method is feasible.”

The examine revealed this month could also be seen as vindication for the advocates of this system.

“Throughout the first 2 months of OPC operation, skilled employees responded 125 instances to mitigate overdose danger. In response to opioid-involved signs of overdose, naloxone was administered 19 instances and oxygen 35 instances, whereas respiration or blood oxygen ranges had been monitored 26 instances,” the authors wrote. “In response to stimulant-involved signs of overdose (also referred to as overamping), employees intervened 45 instances to supply hydration, cooling, and de-escalation as wanted. Emergency medical providers responded 5 instances, and individuals had been transported to emergency departments 3 instances. No deadly overdoses occurred in OPCs or amongst people transported to hospitals.”

“This high quality enchancment examine discovered that throughout the first 2 months of operations, providers at 2 OPCs in NYC had been closely used, with early information suggesting that supervised consumption in these settings was related to decreased overdose danger,” they added. “Knowledge additionally urged that OPCs had been related to decreased prevalence of public drug use.”

The authors did, nonetheless, warning that the findings are “restricted by the brief examine interval and lack of a comparability group with people not collaborating in OPC providers,” and that further “analysis might discover whether or not OPC providers are related to improved total well being outcomes for individuals, in addition to neighborhood-level outcomes, together with public drug use, improperly discarded syringes, and drug-related crime.”

However the examine supplies hope to those that are determined to mitigate an overdose disaster that has develop into a nationwide epidemic in the US.

Within the announcement of the OPC providers final November, NYC officers mentioned that “over 2,000 people died of a drug overdose in New York Metropolis [in 2020], the best quantity since reporting started in 2000,” and that the “Facilities for Illness Management initiatives that throughout the US, greater than 90,000 people died of a drug overdose throughout 2020, the worst 12 months on report.”

Citing self-reported information, the authors of the brand new examine mentioned that “the drug mostly used throughout 2 websites was heroin or fentanyl (73.7%) and essentially the most frequent route of drug administration on the OPC was injection (65.0%).”

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